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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • The manuscript follows IJAL's Instructions for Authors.

  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  • I have read and followed IJALs ethics policy for authors: http://www.ep.liu.se/ej/ijal/ethics.html or made a comment to the Editors (below).

Author Guidelines

Preparation of the Manuscript

  • Manuscripts should be submitted electronically to ijal@ep.liu.se as an attached file in Word or rtf format, with a cover letter giving full contact details and position(s) held by the author(s). When there is more than one author, the contact author should be clearly specified in the cover letter.
  • Submission of a manuscript to the journal is taken to imply that the manuscript has not previously been published, and is not considered for publication elsewhere. The ownership of material published in IJAL remains with the author(s).
  • Manuscripts should generally contain between 4,000 and 10,000 words, including references and footnotes. Book reviews should contain 800–1,200 words.
  • Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere.
  • Only manuscripts written in proper English can be considered for publication. British or American English is accepted as long as consistency is observed. Bear in mind the multidisciplinary and international readership of the journal. Use a clear readable style, avoiding jargon. If technical terms or acronyms are included, define them when first used.
  • Manuscripts should be anonymised, ready to be sent to referees.
  • All research articles that fit the aim and scope of IJAL undergo a double blind peer review process with (at least) two reviewers. The average time span between article submission and publication is 15 weeks, but may differ significantly depending on the outcome of the review process.
  • Manuscripts may either be accepted, accepted with minor revisions, invited to be revised and resubmitted or rejected.

Organisation of Manuscripts

  • The manuscript should include an Abstract of 150 words or less.
  • In order to facilitate the search of our articles in established database engines, we recommend our authors to use keywords that are in tune with those often used in social scientific databases such as Social Science Citation Index and Sociological Abstracts.
  • Acknowledgements and information regarding grant numbers and previous symposium presentation of the work should not appear in the submitted version, as the manuscript should be anonymized.
  • Keep footnotes to a minimum. In the published article, they are placed at the bottom of the page (not at the end of the text).
  • The manuscript should be written in this order: Title page, Abstract, Keywords, Main text, Acknowledgements (keep blank in the submitted version), References. In the published article footnotes are placed on each page.
  • The Main text should be double spaced and written in font size point 12. First level headers should be written in bold, second level headers in italics.
  • Tables and figures should be designed to fit into a page 150x222.3 mm (15x22.3 cm), and attached in a separate document, with their approximate location indicated in the Main text.
  • References: Identify all references at the appropriate point in the text by the author/date system, such as [(Gubrium 1975); …as stated by Gubrium (1975)], and list the references at the end of the manuscript in alphabetical order.
  • Given the international readership it is helpful if authors translate non-English titles of references within brackets […].


  • All references must be closely checked to determine that dates and spelling are correct and consistent.

Citations in text

  • Citations in the text should be in the format: author(s) and year of publication, e.g.: (Stevens 2002).
  • Use “&” between two authors’ names in parentheses, e.g.: (Gilleard & Higgs 2000), but “and” outside parenthesis in the text, e.g. “As stated by Gilleard and Higgs (2000), …”.
  • For works with three authors, name all authors when the reference is first used (Reynolds, Farrow & Blank 2012), and use et al. for subsequent references to the same work (Reynolds et al. 2012). For works with four or more authors, always use only the first author name and et al. in the text.
  • Arrange the literature references alphabetically, e.g.: (Gilleard & Higgs 2000; Knipscheer et al. 2000).

Reference list

  • Please note that the names of all authors should be given in the list of References, and et al. used only in the text.
  • Always state the full page numbers in the Reference section. This applies not only to articles but also to chapters in books.
  • When referring to an Internet site please include the date on which you accessed the material in parentheses. See the example below under the headline Internet.

Articles in a journal

  • Journals should have their full names (no abbreviations).
  • Journal names should be in italics.

Knipscheer, C. P. M., Broese van Groenou, M. I., Leene, G. J. F., Beekman, A. T. F. & Deeg, D. J. H. (2000). The effects of environmental context and personal resources on depressive symptomatology in older age: A test of the Lawton model. Ageing & Society 20(2): 183–202.

Reynolds, F., Farrow, A. & Blank, A. (2012). “Otherwise it would be nothing but cruises”: exploring the subjective benefits of working beyond 65. International Journal of Ageing and Later Life 7(1): 79-106.

Stevens, N. (2002). Re-engaging: New partnerships in late-life widowhood. Ageing International 27(4): 27–42.

Article in a newspaper

Greene, K. (2002). Florida frets it doesn't have enough elderly. The Wall Street Journal, 15 October.


Gilleard, C. & Higgs, P. (2000). Cultures of Ageing. London: Prentice Hall.

Andersson, L. (ed.) (2002). Cultural Gerontology. Westport, CT: Auburn House.

Chappell, N., Gee, E., McDonald L. & Stones, M. (2003). Aging in Contemporary Canada. Toronto: Prentice Hall.


Krampe, R. T., Rapp, M. A., Bondar, A. & Baltes, P.B. (2003). Selektion, Optimierung und Kompensation in Doppelaufgaben [Selection, opti-mization and compensation in dual tasks]. Nervenarzt 74(3): 211-218.

Lo-Johansson, I. (1949). Ålderdom [Old Age]. Stockholm: KF:s Bokförlag.

Chapter in a book

Antonucci, T. C. (2001). Social relations: An examination of social networks, social support, and sense of control. In J. E. Birren & K. W. Schaie (eds.), Handbook of the Psychology of Aging (5th ed., pp. 427–453). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Kohli, M. (1990). Das Alter als Herausforderung an die Theorie sozialer Ungleichheit [Old age as a challenge for the theory of social inequality]. In P. A. Berger & S. Hradil (eds.) Lebenslagen, Lebensläufe, Lebensstile. Soziale Welt [Life Situations, Life Courses, Lifestyles. Social World] (pp. 387-408). Göttingen: Schwartz.


ONS (Office for National Statistics). (2003). Population Trends 112. London: The Stationery Office.

Velkoff, V. & Kinsella, K. (1993). Aging in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. Washington, DC: Bureau of Census, Center for International Research. Report No. 93/1.


Liedberg, G. (2004). Women with Fibromyalgia. Employment and Daily Life. Available on http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-5184 (Accessed: May 21, 2008).

United Nations (2005). http://www.un.org/esa/ (Accessed: June 01, 2005).


Acknowledgements and funding information should be included in the cover letter and not in the submitted text, as the manuscript must be anonymized and ready to be sent for review. 

Tables and figures


  • Each table should be mentioned in the text and its place indicated in the text.
  • The tables should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numbers, followed by a title (at the end no period), for example:
    Table 1. Characteristics of focus group participants, 1990–1995 (n = 39)
  • Each table should start on a new page.
  • All tables should have a short self-explanatory title.
  • Titles for tables should be placed above the table.
  • Horizontal rules should be indicated; vertical rules are not used.
  • Table-footnotes should be marked with an asterisk (*).
  • Each table should be typed on a separate page. Add the page at the end of the article.
  • Tables may be edited by the publisher to permit more compact typesetting.


  • Each figure should be mentioned in the text and its place indicated in the text.
  • The figures should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numbers.
  • Each figure should be placed on a separate page.
  • All figures should have a short self-explanatory title.
  • Titles for figures should be placed below the figure.
  • Line drawings should be in a form suitable for reproduction without modification.
  • Extremely small type should be avoided as figures are often reduced in size. Maximum width (after reduction) 110 mm.
  • Photographs and figures may be supplied in colour, separately in tif-format and in high contrast glossy prints (300 dpi).
  • All the figure-legends should be listed on one sheet. Avoid double phrasing in figure and figure legend.


Publication Ethics

Duties of authors

Reporting standards

Authors of original research should present an accurate account of the work done as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the manuscript. A manuscript should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to judge the academic and scientific merits of the work.

Data access and retention

Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a manuscript for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data, if practicable, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.

Originality and plagiarism

The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable. Manuscripts submitted to IJAL can be checked for plagiarism using CrossCheck.

Acknowledgement of sources

Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication

An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.

Authorship of the paper

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged. Manuscripts with more than one author must designate a corresponding author. The corresponding author should be the person with full responsibility for the work and/or the conduct of the study, and control the decision to publish. Full contact details for all co-authors should be submitted together with the manuscript. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not, of itself, justify authorship. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the manuscript, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Ethical guidelines

Where the manuscript reports original research, confirmation must be given that ethical guidelines have been met, including adherence to the legal requirements of the study country. Authors must provide evidence that the study was subject to the appropriate level of ethical review (e.g. university, hospital etc.) or provide a statement indicating that it was not required. Authors must state the full name of the body providing the favourable ethical review and reference number as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the article.

Privacy Statement

See IJAL's ethics and privacy policy at http://www.ep.liu.se/ej/ijal/ethics.html

The data collected from registered and non-registered users of this journal falls within the scope of the standard functioning of peer-reviewed journals. It includes information that makes communication possible for the editorial process; it is used to informs readers about the authorship and editing of content; it enables collecting aggregated data on readership behaviors, as well as tracking geopolitical and social elements of scholarly communication.  

This journal’s editorial team uses this data to guide its work in publishing and improving this journal. Data that will assist in developing this publishing platform may be shared with its developer Public Knowledge Project in an anonymized and aggregated form, with appropriate exceptions such as article metrics. The data will not be sold by this journal or PKP nor will it be used for purposes other than those stated here. The authors published in this journal are responsible for the human subject data that figures in the research reported here.  

Those involved in editing this journal seek to be compliant with industry standards for data privacy, including the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) provision for “data subject rights” that include (a) breach notification; (b) right of access; (c) the right to be forgotten; (d) data portability; and (e) privacy by design. The GDPR also allows for the recognition of “the public interest in the availability of the data,” which has a particular saliency for those involved in maintaining, with the greatest integrity possible, the public record of scholarly publishing.