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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • I ensure that the submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration.
  • I ensure that all the names of authors and other identifying information has been taken away in the manuscript text. Meta-data in Word-file has been erased to ensure complete anonymity of authors (see “Instructions for authors” on how to do this, if you are unsure).
  • I ensure that I have followed IJAL’s formatting guidelines (including pagination) and that the submission is within the specified word-limit (9,000 words for original articles and 1,200 words for book reviews – including references but excluding title and abstract).
  • I ensure that all references are formatted according to IJAL’s referencing style (see “Instructions for Authors”, if you are unsure) and all references in the reference list are cited in the text and vice versa.
  • The submission has undergone spell-check and grammar check.
  • I have prepared a separate attachment where author details, any acknowledgements and any ethical review details are disclosed.

Author Guidelines

Before you submit your manuscript, please make sure that your manuscript follows our submission guidelines, including manuscript length, our instructions to anonymize your manuscript, and the IJAL reference style. We reserve the right to return your submission without a decision, if the journal guidelines are not met.

  • Check that your manuscript has the correct length. Your manuscript should contain 4,000-9,000 words for original manuscripts, and up to 1,200 words for book reviews.This word limit includes references and footnotes but excludes the title and abstract. Tables and figures are to be attached in a separate file and not included in the word imit.
  • Abstract and keywords. The manuscript should include an Abstract with a maximum of 150 words, and up to five Keywords in alphabetical order. In order to facilitate the search of our articles in established database engines, we recommend authors to use keywords that are in tune with those often used in social scientific databases such as Social Science Citation Index and Sociological Abstracts.
  • Check that your manuscript file is thoroughly blinded / anonymized, even in the file’s meta-text. There should be no author- or acknowledgement information in the text. Anonymize references to your own publications by referring to e.g. (AUTHOR 2018), in the main text and in the reference list. It is very important that you erase author information in the document’s meta-data. To do this, simply open your manuscript file in Word and click on the tab “File”, then click “Check for Issues” and “Inspect document”. Erase “Document properties and personal information” and then save the file. If you do not do this step, your document will not be fully anonymized and may be returned to you.
  • Tables / figures should be in a separate file. Any tables / figures should be compiled in a separate file (see point “Tables / Figures” for specific formatting instructions).
  • Prepare and submit separate attachment with author details, acknowledgements and details of ethical review. When submitting your manuscript, also upload a separate file that provide the full contact details and the position(s) held by the author(s). When there is more than one author, the contact author should be clearly specified. Any acknowledgements should also appear in this file. If it is applicable, the full name of the body providing the favorable ethical review and reference number should also be provided here and not in the main manuscript text. Also see point “Ethical statement” below.
  • Format your manuscript correctly. The main text should be double spaced and written in Times New Roman font size 12. First level headers should be written in bold, second level headers in italics. Do not use a numerical system in your headers (1, 1.1, 1.2 etc). Your manuscript should have page numbers.
  • Language. You may use British or American English as long as consistency is observed. Bear in mind the multidisciplinary and international readership of the journal. Use a clear readable style, avoiding jargon. If technical terms or acronyms are included, define them when first used. Before submission, do a spell-check and a grammar check.
  • Clarificatory footnotes should be used sparingly. If you wish to comment or clarify a statement in your manuscript with a footnote, keep it to a minimum. In the published article, footnotes are placed at the bottom of the page (not as end notes).
  • Follow IJAL’s reference style. Identify all references at the appropriate point in the text by the author/date system, e.g. (Gubrium 1975: 75). Please refer to IJAL’s style of referencing (with examples below). Note that it is similar but not the same as the APA-system. List the references at the end of the manuscript in alphabetical order. Do not forget to anonymize your own and co-authors’ own publications by referring to e.g. (AUTHOR 2018) both in the running text and in the reference list. Check that all references in the reference list are cited in the text and vice versa.
  • Tables / Figures. Any tables and figures should be compiled in a separate file from the main manuscript text. Start a separate page for each figure and/or table. The tables and figures should have a short self-explanatory title and should be numbered consecutively, for example: “Table 1. Characteristics of focus group participants, 1990-1995 (n=39)”. Titles for tables should be above the table, while titles for figures should be below the figure. Check that all tables and figures are referred to in the running text and their approximate position in the text should be indicated by writing e.g. “INSERT TABLE 1 ABOUT HERE”. Photographs and figures may be supplied in color. Extremely small type must be avoided as figures are often reduced in size.
  • Ethical statement. Where the manuscript reports original research, confirmation must be given that ethical guidelines have been met, for example adherence to the legal requirements of the study country. In the manuscript text, authors must provide evidence that the study was subject to the appropriate level of ethical review (e.g. university, hospital etc.) or provide a statement indicating that it was not required. Provide blinded details in the manuscript and only include specific details of the ethical review in the separate attachment containing author information / acknowledgements.
  • Permissions. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere.
  • Your submission should not be previously published. Submission of a manuscript to the journal is taken to imply that the manuscript has not previously been published and is not considered for publication elsewhere. The ownership of material published in IJAL remains with the author(s).

IJAL’s style of Referencing

Please make sure that your submission follows the IJAL reference style (Please observe that it is similar, but not the same as APA). Before submission, also make sure that all references are checked, to determine that dates and spelling are correct and consistent and that your own and co-author’s publications are anonymized. Check that all references in the reference list are cited in the text and vice versa.

Citations in text

  • Citations in the text should be in the format: author(s) and year of publication without a comma, e.g.: (Stevens 2002).
  • Use “&” between two authors’ names in parentheses, e.g.: (Gilleard & Higgs 2000), but “and” in the running text e.g. “As stated by Gilleard and Higgs (2000), …”.
  • For works with three authors, name all authors when the reference is first used (Reynolds, Farrow & Blank 2012), and use et al. for subsequent references to the same work (Reynolds et al. 2012). For works with four or more authors, always use only the first author name and et al. in the text.
  • Arrange the literature references alphabetically, e.g.: (Gilleard & Higgs 2000; Knipscheer et al. 2000).
  • For page numbers, use colon, e.g.: (Gilleard and Higgs 2000: 67).

Reference list

  • For works with up to three authors, all authors should be names in the Reference list. For works with more than three authors, use “et al.” after the third author.
  • Always state the full page range in the Reference section. This applies not only to articles but also to chapters in books.
  • When referring to an Internet site please include the date on which you downloaded the material in parentheses, e.g.: (Accessed: May 21, 2008). See the example below under the headline Internet.
  • Given the international readership it is helpful if authors translate non-English titles of references within brackets […].

Articles in a journal

  • Journals should have their full names (no abbreviations).
  • Journal names should be in italics.

Knipscheer, C. P. M., Broese van Groenou, M. I., Leene, G. J. F., Beekman, A. T. F. & Deeg, D. J. H. (2000). The effects of environmental context and personal resources on depressive symptomatology in older age: A test of the Lawton model. Ageing & Society 20(2): 183–202.

Reynolds, F., Farrow, A. & Blank, A. (2012). “Otherwise it would be nothing but cruises”: exploring the subjective benefits of working beyond 65. International Journal of Ageing and Later Life 7(1): 79-106.

Stevens, N. (2002). Re-engaging: New partnerships in late-life widowhood. Ageing International 27(4): 27–42.

Article in a newspaper

Greene, K. (2002). Florida frets it doesn't have enough elderly. The Wall Street Journal, 15 October.


Gilleard, C. & Higgs, P. (2000). Cultures of Ageing. London: Prentice Hall.

Andersson, L. (ed.) (2002). Cultural Gerontology. Westport, CT: Auburn House.

Chappell, N., Gee, E., McDonald L. & Stones, M. (2003). Aging in Contemporary Canada. Toronto: Prentice Hall.


Krampe, R. T., Rapp, M. A., Bondar, A. & Baltes, P.B. (2003). Selektion, Optimierung und Kompensation in Doppelaufgaben [Selection, opti-mization and compensation in dual tasks]. Nervenarzt 74(3): 211-218.

Lo-Johansson, I. (1949). Ålderdom [Old Age]. Stockholm: KF:s Bokförlag.

Chapter in a book

Antonucci, T. C. (2001). Social relations: An examination of social networks, social support, and sense of control. In J. E. Birren & K. W. Schaie (eds.), Handbook of the Psychology of Aging (5th ed., pp. 427–453). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Kohli, M. (1990). Das Alter als Herausforderung an die Theorie sozialer Ungleichheit [Old age as a challenge for the theory of social inequality]. In P. A. Berger & S. Hradil (eds.) Lebenslagen, Lebensläufe, Lebensstile. Soziale Welt [Life Situations, Life Courses, Lifestyles. Social World] (pp. 387-408). Göttingen: Schwartz.


ONS (Office for National Statistics). (2003). Population Trends 112. London: The Stationery Office.

Velkoff, V. & Kinsella, K. (1993). Aging in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. Washington, DC: Bureau of Census, Center for International Research. Report No. 93/1.


Liedberg, G. (2004). Women with Fibromyalgia. Employment and Daily Life. Available on http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-5184 (Accessed: May 21, 2008).

United Nations (2005). http://www.un.org/esa/ (Accessed: June 01, 2005).

Privacy Statement

See IJAL's ethics and privacy policy at http://www.ep.liu.se/ej/ijal/ethics.html

The data collected from registered and non-registered users of this journal falls within the scope of the standard functioning of peer-reviewed journals. It includes information that makes communication possible for the editorial process; it is used to informs readers about the authorship and editing of content; it enables collecting aggregated data on readership behaviors, as well as tracking geopolitical and social elements of scholarly communication.  

This journal’s editorial team uses this data to guide its work in publishing and improving this journal. Data that will assist in developing this publishing platform may be shared with its developer Public Knowledge Project in an anonymized and aggregated form, with appropriate exceptions such as article metrics. The data will not be sold by this journal or PKP nor will it be used for purposes other than those stated here. The authors published in this journal are responsible for the human subject data that figures in the research reported here.  

Those involved in editing this journal seek to be compliant with industry standards for data privacy, including the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) provision for “data subject rights” that include (a) breach notification; (b) right of access; (c) the right to be forgotten; (d) data portability; and (e) privacy by design. The GDPR also allows for the recognition of “the public interest in the availability of the data,” which has a particular saliency for those involved in maintaining, with the greatest integrity possible, the public record of scholarly publishing.